Qacha's Nek is situated near the pass of the same name, Qacha's Nek is not far from the watershed between the Mzimvubu catchment area and the Senqu (Orange) River system. The town was originally a mission station, later becoming a district administrative centre for the paying of taxes and issuing of passes. However, archaeological excavations at rock shelters suggested that people have lived there for more than 50 000 years.
Regarded as the centre for the southern region, which includes the districts of Mohale's Hoek, Mafeteng and Quthing. The town takes its name from King Moshoeshoe's younger brother, Mohale. During the 1830's Moshoeshoe's kingdom expanded into southern Lesotho.
Maseru is the capital of Lesotho as well as its largest city. It is situated on the north western border with South Africa. This positioning facilitates access both to the major harbour of Durban, as well as the academic and judicial centres of Bloemfontein. Johannesburg, South Africa business and industrial hub, is only an hour's flight away.
Situated North of Maseru, along the Main North 1, Leribe offers a variety of tourism products. These include nature reserves, the magnificent Katse Dam and a variety of handicrafts. The two reserves and the Katse Dam, which are products of the Lesotho Highlands Development Authority, have made Leribe a major tourist destination.
The small town of Thaba-Tseka, "The Mountain with a Blaze", was established in 1970's and is the capital of the mountainous Thaba-Tseka district. This had a population of almost 129 000 inhabitants at the time of the 2006 census.
Quthing - also known as Moyeni, the "Place of the Wind" - is a district headquarters town located in the southernmost part of Lesotho. The rich rock art of the district is testimony to the Bushmen who lived there for millennia. In the past few centuries Baphuthi, Bathepu and Basotho have become the main inhabitants, and there is still today a mix of languages and cultures.
Situated on the south of Maseru, has an area of 2, 119km 2 and a population of approximately 330, 000. The capital town of this district is also named Mafeteng. This is an administrative and commercial centre which is about 76km south of Maseru.
Situated just on the North of Maseru, it has an area of 2, 222km2 and a population of approximately 300, 000. Teyateyaneng, the capital town of Berea District, abbreviated as "TY", is about 40kms north of Maseru, along the main north one, a road that runs parallel to the South African border leading to the north.
Botha Bothe was first settled in the 1800s when tribal groups displaced by the Lifaqane fled to the Maloti Mountains. King Moshoeshoe l made the flat-topped sandstone plateau of Botha Bothe Mountain his stronghold until 1824 when he relocated to a new capital.
Mokhotlong is named after the river nearby with the same name, which means place of Bald Ibis. It boasts the highest terrain in the Maloti Range and is the source of the Senqu River, Lesotho's primary watershed.